To help reduce energy loss, here are some things to do to maintain and program your heating appliances.
These devices offer better control over heating periods and temperature settings. Save energy by programming them differently for weekends and weekdays, depending on building occupancy. A drop of 1°C (1.8 °F) over a 24-hour period can reduce your heating costs by up to 5%. A decrease of 3°C (5.4 °F) over an 8-hour period can reduce your heating costs by up to 6%. See the grant available for the purchase of a programmable electronic thermostat.
Ideally performed by qualified technicians, annual maintenance of your heating equipment extends its service life and lowers your energy consumption by ensuring proper functioning and efficiency. Have the inside and outside of the exhaust shaft inspected occasionally as well for any signs of deterioration due to condensation or corrosion.
Cold air and warm air have different densities above ground, and if they are not mechanically mixed in some way, they will produce stratification (i.e. different layers of temperature). Warm air rises and reaches the highest temperature near the ceiling, especially in rooms with high ceilings. Installing ceiling fans of a minimum clearance of 8 ft. Or 2.43 m. to redistribute warm air is a budget-friendly solution.
Install timers to reduce the heat when your building is unoccupied. Also, conserve heat by closing curtains, louvers and blinds at night and when the building is unoccupied. Open them during the day to take full advantage of sunlight.
If you have a forced-air system, remove any obstacles in ducts, registers and cold-air return registers so that the air can circulate freely and efficiently throughout the system.
If you have a hot-water heating system, look for hot spots on the boiler wall and hot-water distribution pipe to identify insulation gaps. Remember, if it’s too hot to touch, you are losing a lot of heat. Also check pumps and valves for water leakage.
If you’re thinking of changing your space heating equipment, ask your contractor about the energy efficiency of your appliances. Efficiency is usually expressed in terms of annual fuel utilization efficiency (AFUE) for furnaces, and in terms of combustion efficiency for boilers. The higher the energy output rating, the more efficient the equipment as the less energy it consumes.
To save even more, perhaps it's time to replace them by new high energy-efficient ones. Take advantage of grants available to upgrade your equipment.